Circular migration of women as a development vector

Short title

La migration circulaire féminine, vecteur de développement

Start date - End date

Thu, 07/30/2009 to Mon, 11/29/2010

Brief description of the initiative

The project built upon the Spanish-Moroccan initiative of seasonal work whereby female migrants leave Morocco to work in Spain for 3 to 6 months each year, before returning to their home country.

Results and lessons learned

All pre-set goals of the project have been realised. Within its framework, women’s training needs were identified on the basis of 425 questionnaires among women from the towns of Larache, Kenitra, Sidi Kacem, Fès and Azrou. Following the inventarisation of needs, a training for trainers was held. Participants included 10 social assistants, 10 other trainers and 2 psychologists. In addition, a study on the links between circular migration and local development has been conducted.

Each of the main steps of this project built upon the one before it to form a cohesive set of results:

1) A field research and diagnostic was carried out, providing the necessary insights into the needs and priorities of Moroccan seasonal migrant women and their direct environments.

2) Teaching modules and guidance plan was established with the participation of local education officials from Cartaya (Spain) in order to create a coherent and synergetic programme.

3) The next step was the deployment of these teaching and guidance tools in Morocco and Cartaya.

4) Importantly then also, experiences from the project allowed direct feedback in terms of lessons learned to M&D Net.

Status

Complete

Key success or innovative factors

A key to success in promoting investments in the human capital of circular migration as a driver of development lay in conducting the necessary diagnostics on the ground before setting up the training modules for 500 migrant women. The focus on gaining real, practical experience in capacity building strongly benefitted the subsequent study of the link between circular migration and local development.

Project number

Mo-290

Budget

189 520 euros

Donors

JMDI, European Union

Partner country(ies)

Spain

Main thematic areas

Diaspora engagement
Migration related employment for women and girls
Remittances and financial sector development
Skills development and retention

JMDI Focus area

Migrant Rights
Migrant Remittances
Leveraging the human and social development impact of remittances
Reinforcing capacities of senders and recipients to further the impact of remittances on development

First name

-

Last name

-

Position

-

Email

-

Main objectives

Through training and capacity building, this project aimed to promote migrant women's commitment to the local development of their region of origin.

Country

Morocco

Main activities

After an initial participatory assessment of migrant women's needs and priorities, training strategies and contents were determined. Following the recruitment and training of trainers, the capacity-building of the migrant women was put into place.

The training took place prior to the women's departure for Spain and continued throughout their time in Spain as well as upon return to Morocco. It included (according to the needs and priorities of the migrant group and the different stages of the process) basic literacy, rights and exercise of rights, legal questions related to migration, use of the internet, Spanish language, health and hygiene, nutrition, first aid, and investment of remittances to promote local development.

Finally, based on gathered experiences, a study on the link between circular migration and local development was conducted. This has been disseminated in Arabic, English, French and Spanish to help build the network of good practices in the Migration and Development field.

Main beneficiaries

The beneficiaries were 500 Moroccan women seasonal workers, their families and communities, as well as the Spanish and Moroccan institutions coordinating seasonal work in Spain.

Project Documents

  • Cette mallette est destinée aux formateurs œuvrant dans les Associations qui travaillent avec les femmes des douars (villages) du Maroc et qui accompagnent celles-ci dans leurs projets d’émigration circulaire et/ou de développement d’Activités Génératrices de Revenus (AGR).

    Vu la situation souvent précaire, l’état de dépendance et l’absence, ou quasi absence, de formation élémentaire de ces femmes (la cible finale), la démarche d’accompagnement devra commencer impérativement par l’écoute, étape première et incontournable du processus de réappropriation de l’estime de soi, préalable à tout apprentissage et à tout projet. « En parler » apporte, en effet, un soulagement, permet aux intéressées de percevoir les problèmes (représentation, mentalisation et projection) et, finalement, de les dépasser.

    Cependant, en matière d’écoute, on ne saurait créer la demande : elle doit s’exprimer spontanément, sachant que l’écouteur n’agit que comme un miroir, tout son art de maître en « maïeutique » consistant à bien interroger une personne pour lui faire exprimer (accoucher) des connaissances.

    Or, le cas de chacun(e) est unique, parce que chaque personne est unique. En conséquence, il ne saurait y avoir de recettes miracles, ou de solutions universelles en matière d’écoute. Et si l’écouteur évoque des situations dont il sait, par la pratique, qu’elles sont souvent génératrices ou conséquences de difficultés, c’est uniquement comme stimuli.

    La position des rédacteurs de la présente mallette est très différente, car d’une part ce document suit forcément la phase d’écoute individuelle, d’autre part il se veut pédagogique et opérationnel. C’est pourquoi, chaque module se termine par des recommandations concrètes ainsi que par des propositions d’outils et de supports de formation.

  • CARTOGRAPHIE DE LA ZONE  D’INTEVENTION

    POUR LA FORMATION DES FEMMES OUVIERES AGRICOLES MIGRANTES

    PROVINCE DE LARACHE/REGION KSAR EL KEBIR

Comments

"La migration circulaire féminine, vecteur de développement" : une rencontre mi-parcours avec la société civile de la zone de Larache (Maroc ; le 26 novembre 2010 au Centre d'Accueil du Ministère de la Jeunesse).

La Fondation CIREM et la Fondation Orient Occident en collaboration avec le RADEV nous expose leur point de vue et une pré-évaluation du projet subsidié par « Initiative Conjointe de la Commission européenne et des Nations Unies pour la Migration et le Développement (ICMD) ». Produit par Jasmine Arcella et Alexandra Furtak pour Radio1812 avec la collaboration de Samira El Amrani et Najatte Kaaoiss pour le recueil des interviews.

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