Youth, Employment and Migration in Mogadishu, Kismayo and Baidoa

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In Somalia, nearly 70% of the population is under 30 years of age. Many people in this category have no access to education or struggle to enter the labour market because of a lack of skills, no access to job offers, limited capital for investment, or displacement-related vulnerabilities. This study focuses on urban youth looking at the cities of Mogadishu, Kismayo and Baidoa. 

This research project aims to study the relationship between youth, employment and migration, looking at three main questions:

1) Who constitutes the youth workforce in Somalia, and are these young people satisfied with their situation?

2) How can the economic situation of dissatisfied youth be explained: is the source of the problem structural (not enough demand), or does it result from frictions within the labour market? Can youth create their own job opportunities through entrepreneurship?

3) Does dissatisfaction with occupation and level of income, along with difficulties to navigate the job market, alone explain irregular migration amongst youth?

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111 pages

JMDI publication