Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Including migrants in health coverage. The SDGs call for universal health coverage; it is important to proactively include migrants under schemes and guarantee continuity of quality services throughout the whole migration cycle.
Including migrants across health targets. Migrants face disproportionate health vulnerabilities in some contexts. For example, migrant women and girls often lack access to sexual and reproductive health care, information and education, and as a result experience negative outcomes. Some migrants may be susceptible to infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, malaria and others, due to limited hygiene, nutrition and living conditions, lack of access to health care, and heightened exposure to other risk factors. Others may be more at risk for non-communicable diseases and mental health issues. Therefore, it is important to proactively include migrants in implementation of various health targets.
Improving the distribution of the global health workforce. Migration of health workers has impacts on health systems in different countries, and the SDGs call for improved management of human resource development and deployment in the health sector. Implementing well-designed skill policies, including ethical recruitment codes such as the WHO ethical code of recruitment for medical staff, would help alleviate health worker shortages.
Relevant migration-related targets
- 3.1 - By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
- 3.2 - By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births
- 3.3 - By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases
- 3.4 - By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being
- 3.5 - Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol
- 3.7 - By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
- 3.8 - Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for al
- 3.B - Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all
- 3.C - Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States
- 3.D - Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks
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The IOM Institutional Strategy on Migration and Sustainable Development outlines a whole-of-organization approach to comprehensively integrate migration and development into policymaking and programming within IOM. It recognizes that migration, when well managed, can be both a development strategy and a development outcome.
"Leave No Migrant Behind: The 2030 Agenda and Data Disaggregation" provides user-centric guidance on disaggregation of SDG indicators by migratory status. In order to leave no one behind, migrants must be considered across efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Meanwhile, migrants are also key actors in sustainable development.
The United Nations Network on Migration is committed to supporting all partners in pursuit of the implementation of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM), recognizing that this cooperative framework provides an invaluable tool for ensuring all in society can contribute to a collective response to COVID-19 and are protected equally against its impact.
The extent to which migrants and displaced persons can integrate into society and thus contribute to development is directly linked to the extent to which their rights are guaranteed and upheld. A human rights based approach to migration governance therefore puts migrants and their needs at the forefront and is an effective way to ensure their ability to contribute to development.
Historical trends show that large movements of migrants and displaced persons are difficult to predict and that territories are often grossly unprepared for the arrival of such populations. This unpreparedness can result in a shortage in essential services such as housing, education, healthcare, and legal services for newcomers creating tensions with existing populations.