The Rural Youth Mobility Project

Objectifs de Développement Durable Connexes et Objectifs du Pacte Mondial sur les Migrations

SDG 8: Decent Work
SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities
SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals
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gcm 6
gcm 7
GCM 16
GCM 18
GCM 23
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The vast majority of the poor and food insecure in Africa live in rural areas. Most of them view agriculture as a means for both sustenance and livelihood. However, given the associated difficulties of working in the agricultural sector and lack of appeal, many young women and men seek opportunity elsewhere.

Against such background, the Rural Youth Mobility Project carried out various activities in Tunisia and Ethiopia, which included research, technical advice at policy and programme level, piloting innovative mechanisms for the creation of youth employment opportunities for the rural youth, and capacity development to better address migration issues in the context of rural development and rural development in the context of migration.

Objectif clé

This project aims to create rural employment opportunities for youth and address the constraints that deter youth from contributing to agricultural activities by promoting viable employment opportunities for youth in rural communities which has the potential to make rural livelihoods more sustainable.

Principales activités

Main activities supported by this project were:

  • generating knowledge and increase awareness on rural migration,
  • promoting innovative mechanisms for rural employment opportunities and enhancing the positive impact of rural migration on areas of origin, and
  • building capacity and promoting policy coherence between migration and rural development.

Principaux succès ou facteurs innovants, bonnes pratiques et enseignements tirés (si disponibles)

Migration-related data is needed to achieve sound and evidence-based policies on migration and rural development. Data on migration determinants, patterns, and impact on rural areas of origin help ensure that programmes and policies reflect the realities of migration. Under the project, studies were developed to test mixed methodologies for data collection to better analyze the drivers and impacts of rural migration. Although specific to the local contexts of Tunisia and Ethiopia, the data collected in the studies helped inform the action and serve as a good practice to be emulated.

Context-sensitive approaches should identify local problems and emerging challenges. The identification of problems and challenges faced by the communities were defined through a participatory approach with actors at local level. In addition to the consultations conducted, policy analysis was also undertaken to promote coherence between migration and rural development efforts.


  • The Government of Tunisia and the government of Ethiopia
  • Youth groups in rural area of Tunisia and Ethiopia

Autres projets

Données et Évaluation des Résultats; Diaspora, Associations de Migrants et Envois de Fonds; Gouvernance; Développement du Secteur Privé et Commerce
Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM); ONU Femmes; Programme des Nations unies pour le développement (PNUD); Institut des Nations unies pour la formation et la recherche (UNITAR); Fonds des Nations Unies pour la population (UNFPA)
Image of a woman in Senegal