Integrated Resilience and Solutions Monitoring Framework

Related Sustainable Development Goals and Global Compact for Migration Objectives

SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals
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GCM 23


The northern province of Cabo Delgado has been experiencing violence since 2017, resulting in large-scale displacements and civilian deaths. According to IOM estimates in 2021 there were 732,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in northern Mozambique, and 1.3 million people were estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance. Non-state armed groups (NSAGs) have been in de-facto control of pockets of territory and have led to a number of attacks against urban centers and rural areas. Since July 2021, Mozambican armed forces won back areas previously in the NSAG hands, which resulted in the return of many IDPs. However, these movements are hard to monitor given limited access by UN actors to the recently secured zones.  

The Government of Mozambique, through the Agency for Integrated Development in the North (ADIN), and with the support of the European Union (EU), World Bank, African Development Bank, and UN partners, are currently working on releasing a Strategy for Resilience and Integrated Development in the North (ERDIN), which aims to lay out an analysis of the indicators and factors that contributed to the conflict, as well as establish a process for monitoring the peacebuilding and resilience work that will be required over the next years. 

Key objective

The objective of the IOM and UNDP Joint Action was to establish a framework and methodology for data collection tools to improve the locational analysis of integrated resilience and solutions in the North in line with the ERDIN strategic priorities. To do so, the agencies and the Government of Mozambique, through the ADIN, supported and tested a data collection toolkit that improves real-time monitoring of key indicators and factors related to peace, stability, social cohesion and durable solutions for IDPs

Main activities

IOM and UNDP leveraged their respective operational footprint in Pemba and their comparative advantages to support the ERDIN process, and carried out the following activities:  

  • Jointly contextualizing IOM’s Fragility, Solutions and Mobility Index (FSMI) tool. This tool measures levels of stability in areas that have been affected by conflict and displacement and has been deployed in the Lake Chad Basin (LCB) Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon. To apply this tool to the Mozambican context, experts could explore the specific characteristics of fragility, mobility and solutions variables in Northern Mozambique, and adapt the methodology and questionnaire based on the feedback and inputs of local and national stakeholders. 

  • Jointly testing the contextualized FSMI tool. To improve this tool for the Mozambican specific local contexts, pilot locations were selected. Data collection was carried out in 3 communities:

    • Cabo Delgado Province: Ancuabe Sede

    • Cabo Delgado Province: Mueda Sede

    • Niassa Province: Lichinga Sede

The final index scoring was presented to stakeholders such as ADIN, the National Institute for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction (INGD) and Cabo Delgado Secretary of State, and will be added to the ADIN dashboard.  

Key successes or innovative factors, good practices and lessons learned (if available)

By piloting the FSMI tool in the Northern Mozambique context, the joint program substantively contributed to capturing critical data and to providing a solid methodology for the elaboration of data and evidence to facilitate a coordinated and complementary response across the humanitarian, development and peace nexus (HDPN) in Cabo Delgado in support to the ERDIN process. This tool helped to track the progress of the response plan for the crisis and conflict in Cabo Delgado, thus improving the analysis of the region’s needs to build lasting peace and rule of law. The solutions index tool was well received and will be added to the ADIN dashboard, with a high probability of further funding, as information on fragility and stability is critically needed in northern Mozambique.  

A joint approach such as this one is integral to achieving the SDGs, more specifically contributing to SDG 16 on peace, justice and strong institutions and to SDG 17 on partnerships. It also contributes to achieving the Global Compact for Migration's objectives, such as GCM objective 1 on collecting and utilizing accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies, GCM objective 2 on minimizing drivers that compel people to leave, GCM objective 3 on providing accurate and timely information at all stages of migration, and GCM objective 23 on strengthening international cooperation for safe, orderly and regular migration.  


IDPs, local government, local communities

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