Case Study: Antananarivo, Madagascar

Children and their family in a rural field

In Madagascar’s capital city, Antananarivo’s Department of Sustainable Urban Development (DDUD) integrated migration into their existing detailed urban plans using the MMICD Urban Development Sector Toolkit, with support from IOM. A methodology was established to support the Ministry to integrate migration into the Plan d'Urbanisme Directeur (PUDI), testing the approach, training stakeholders, and updating the information as needed based on the recommendations from this piloting process.

This approach complemented instead of duplicated the existing governmental processes, allowing a holistic and seamless integration of migration into urban development policies and plans. Therefore, targeted technical assistance transferred knowledge and capacities from the global level to the municipality without overloading stakeholders with new ways of working. This effort demonstrates why mainstreaming migration must be tailored to existing government processes and capacities.

This method also enhanced cooperation between local stakeholders and furthered national-local cooperation, partnering with the Urban Commune of Antananarivo, the Ministry of the Interior, and several other national and municipal authorities. This coordination adapted to Madagascar’s predominantly internal migration dynamics. Read more about the Madagascar project. Further technical support is ongoing through an IDF-funded project that builds on the successes of MMICD, and a regional conference is expected for 2022 which is an opportunity to scale up these lessons learned to 15 additional countries.